Crop Profile for Allium Vegetables in Canada, 2012 (60 pp.) - Synopsis

The allium crops are members of the Amaryllidaceae and are cultivated and consumed world-wide. In Canada, several allium crops are produced commercially including dry onion (Allium cepa), green onion (Allium cepa), shallot (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) and garlic (Allium sativum). In 2012, a total of 6,775 hectares were planted to these crops which comprised 7% of total hectares planted to vegetable crops in Canada.

The Crop Profile for Allium Vegetables in Canada, 2012 provides an overview of production and pest management practices for these crops in Canada. Information is provided on abiotic factors affecting crop growth. The biology of key disease, insect and mite and weed problems is presented as well as cultural and chemical methods of control. Detailed information is provided in tabular form on pest occurrence, integrated pest management options and registered pesticides available to growers for each crop.

Grower issues/gaps in pest management, identified through stakeholder consultations are described in each of the three main sections (disease, insect/ mite and weed) and under each pest description. Pest management resources, including websites, publications, grower organizations and provincial specialists for allium crops are provided at the end of the profile.

Limited production and market statistics are provided in the profile to give context to the economic importance of the crops. For more detailed statistics, the reader is referred to Statistics Canada.

The Crop Profile for Allium Vegetables in Canada, 2012 is not intended for use as a crop production guide. Detailed information on crop production and pest management in specific regions is available through provincial ministry of agriculture websites and provincial crop specialists.

The Crop Profile for Allium Vegetables in Canada, 2012 (full report) is available from Government of Canada Publications.

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