Statistical overview of the Canadian maple industry - 2016

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Overview

The Canadian maple syrup industry accounts for approximately 71% of the world's maple syrup and is the leading global producer of maple products. Despite a production increase of 225% over the last decade, Canada's world share has fallen 9% due to rising competition from the United States.

In 2016, Canada recorded the highest numbers in maple syrup production and value since the data started being collected in 1924. After falling for two consecutive years, production reached 12.2 million gallons of maple syrup in 2016 (as listed in Table 1.3.), up 36% from 2015, while the value of maple syrup amounted to $487 million (as listed in Table 1.5.), a 37% increase from 2015.

The province of Quebec alone accounts for 92% of the country's maple syrup production. The Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers allocated 5 million new taps in 2016, with plans to be fully functioning in 2018. All these new taps means Quebec, and in turn Canada, will continue to increase production with the new taps alone producing an extra 1.3 million gallons of maple syrup.

Canada is the world's largest exporter of maple products, with exports valued at $381 million in 2016, up 6.1% from 2015. Quebec accounted for 95% of Canadian maple product exports and New Brunswick for 4%, with the remaining maple-producing provinces (as listed in Table 2.1.1.) accounting for only 1% of total exports. In 2016, 65% of Canadian exports went to the United States, 11% to Germany and 7% to Japan, with the other export destinations (as listed in Table 2.1.4.) accounting for 17% of total exports.

1. Production

1.1. Number of maple farms[1] by province

Number of maple farms by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 1 0
Prince Edward Island 11 17
Nova Scotia 152 187
New Brunswick 191 212
Quebec 7,639 7,863
Ontario 2,673 3,003
Manitoba 67 81
Saskatchewan 24 29
Alberta 7 0
British Columbia 82 76
Canada 10,847 11,468

Note:

[1] Number of farms includes all farms reported maple taps, and not exclusively farms in which maple syrup production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0220)

1.2. Number of maple taps by province

Number of maple taps by province
2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador x 0
Prince Edward Island 9,693 9,760
Nova Scotia 372,452 446,300
New Brunswick 1,896,773 2,285,785
Quebec 40,632,512 42,529,033
Ontario 1,508,651 1,713,022
Manitoba 8,251 5,961
Saskatchewan 5,917 1,490
Alberta x 0
British Columbia 3,609 4,009
Canada 44,440,024 46,995,360

Note:

X: Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 004-0009)

1.3. Maple syrup production[1] by province (thousands of gallons[2])

Maple syrup production by province (thousands of gallons)
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Nova Scotia 25 37 29 19 48
New Brunswick 348 484 502 430 528
Quebec 7,257 9,083 8,584 8,089 11,185
Ontario 225 449 368 369 398
Canada 7,855 10,053 9,486 8,907 12,160

Notes:

[1] Maple products such as taffy, sugar and maple butter have been converted to syrup equivalent.

[2] Conversion factors: 1 gallon of syrup equals 10.0 pounds of maple sugar. One gallon of syrup weighs 13.24760 pounds. One gallon of syrup equals 10.4 pounds of taffy. The conversion of maple taffy to syrup varies with the density of syrup that year.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

1.4. Maple syrup production by province - percent share, 2016

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  • Quebec: 92%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Ontario: 3%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

1.5. Gross value[1] of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Gross value of maple products by province (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Nova Scotia 1,400 2,225 1,779 1,176 3,200
New Brunswick 20,399 28,892 30,580 24,415 25,613
Quebec 268,200 346,100 321,700 306,400 434,600
Ontario 14,544 30,845 25,863 26,151 23,286
Canada 304,543 408,061 379,922 358,142 486,698

Note:

[1] The gross value of maple products includes maple sugar, maple butter and maple syrup.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

1.6. Gross value of maple products by province - percent share, 2016

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  • Quebec: 89%
  • New Brunswick: 5%
  • Ontario: 5%
  • Nova Scotia: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CANSIM Table 001-0008)

2. Trade

2.1 Exports

2.1.1 Maple products[1] exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Maple products exports by province - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Prince Edward Island 306 101 219 0 0
Nova Scotia 243 341 239 515 558
New Brunswick 12,082 9,471 12,174 17,652 17,168
Quebec 234,543 266,173 295,014 338,976 362,310
Ontario 1,816 1,344 1,909 2,155 773
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 95 0 0 47 0
Alberta 0 0 1 1 194
British Columbia 299 512 239 200 390
Canada[2] 249,384 277,942 309,794 359,546 381,394

Notes:

[1] Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2017)

2.1.2. Maple products exports by province - percent share, 2016

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  • Quebec: 95%
  • New Brunswick: 4%
  • Others: 1%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATNet, June 2017)

2.1.3. Maple products[1] exports by province - volume (kilograms)

Maple products exports by province - volume (kilograms)
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Prince Edward Island 57,721 18,745 40,582 0 0
Nova Scotia 36,408 51,105 27,459 55,554 62,237
New Brunswick 1,950,155 1,377,674 1,552,131 2,004,796 1,940,942
Quebec 32,141,806 34,689,106 36,407,804 39,803,755 42,917,697
Ontario 322,643 230,113 323,894 301,011 110,105
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 9,000 0 0 7,316 0
Alberta 1 2 53 77 24,001
British Columbia 27,162 53,803 22,633 17,791 37,176
Canada[2] 34,544,896 36,420,551 38,374,556 42,190,300 45,092,258

Notes:

[1] Maple Products include both maple sugar and maple syrup.

[2] Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2017)

2.1.4. Top 10 maple products export destinations - value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 157,746 178,419 195,680 229,171 236,265
Germany 19,305 21,751 25,890 31,035 40,043
Japan 24,791 24,711 29,624 26,324 25,756
United Kingdom 10,621 11,868 12,267 16,177 16,584
Australia 6,905 8,573 10,025 12,088 15,650
France 7,270 9,690 9,974 12,212 13,049
Denmark 4,044 4,470 4,983 5,302 6,137
South Korea 5,249 3,841 3,434 4,504 4,152
Netherlands 2,100 2,306 2,905 3,636 3,647
Belgium 880 1,329 2,034 2,276 3,126
Others 10,473 10,983 12,978 16,821 16,985
Total 249,384 277,942 309,794 359,546 381,394
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2017)

2.1.5. Top maple products export destinations - percent share, 2016

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  • United States: 65%
  • Germany: 11%
  • Japan: 7%
  • United Kingdom: 4%
  • Australia: 4%
  • France: 4%
  • Others: 5%

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNet, June 2017)

2.1.6. Top 10 maple products export destinations - volume (kilograms)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 22,581,041 24,045,809 24,518,587 26,838,829 27,886,052
Germany 2,256,829 2,599,750 3,177,017 3,549,035 4,540,965
Japan 2,868,446 2,718,810 3,256,293 2,664,895 2,679,569
United Kingdom 1,601,755 1,599,696 1,680,317 2,285,402 2,442,606
Australia 1,082,249 1,388,029 1,462,429 1,615,260 1,958,243
France 958,600 1,270,064 1,262,005 1,488,270 1,594,766
Denmark 634,185 728,345 710,424 760,544 868,629
South Korea 590,945 436,331 400,586 494,818 471,750
Netherlands 243,305 281,799 323,322 404,083 390,935
Belgium 78,552 129,781 208,253 229,536 319,853
Others 1,648,989 1,222,137 1,375,323 1,859,628 1,938,890
Total 34,544,896 36,420,551 38,374,556 42,190,300 45,092,258
Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNet, June 2017)

3. Availability for consumption

3.1. Maple products available for consumption (kilograms per person)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Maple Sugar 0.60 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.63

Note:

Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants, or losses during preparation.

Source: Statistics Canada (CANSIM Table 002-0011)

4. World data

4.1. Top 10 importers of maple sugar and maple syrup (thousands of Canadian dollars)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
United States 157,815 178,447 195,649 228,988 236,394
Japan 31,055 31,936 34,568 33,936 29,962
Germany 17,949 21,159 22,900 25,358 29,686
United Kingdom 13,384 16,854 18,233 22,784 25,500
Canada[1] 8,508 12,053 12,494 13,615 21,980
Australia 9,216 11,208 13,880 17,632 17,533
Netherlands 3,318 3,053 7,114 13,075 15,856
France 9,001 11,701 12,278 13,623 13,784
Denmark 4,854 5,301 5,697 6,900 6,758
Italy 3,888 2,462 5,100 3,946 6,752
Others 31,894 34,888 43,291 53,033 58,677
Total 290,881 329,062 371,205 432,888 462,882

Note:

[1] 100% of Canadian imports of maple products are sourced from the United States.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (June 2017)

5. Key Resources

  • Global Trade Tracker
  • Statistics Canada.  (CANSIM TABLE 001-0008)
  • Statistics Canada.  (CANSIM TABLE 002-0011)
  • Statistics Canada.  (CANSIM TABLE 004-0020)
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET
  • Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):
    • Maple for import: 1702200010, 1702200020
    • Maple for export: 17022010, 17022020

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