Canada's hatching eggs industry
... at a glance
- In 2016, there were approximately 243 broiler hatching egg producers, 93% of which were members of the Canadian Hatching Egg Producers (CHEP) and 46% of which were from either Quebec or Ontario. CHEP's current members consist of British-Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec. In Canada, there were 40 broiler hatcheries, 11 turkey hatcheries and 16 laying egg hatcheries. Approximately 10 of which produced both broiler and layer chick.
- In 2016, Canadian hatcheries set a total of 859.4 million eggs for broiler stock while domestic hatching egg production reached 735.2 million eggs.
- In 2016, 91.4% of the hatching egg production came from the six provincial members of CHEP and combined Ontario and Quebec production totaled 57.8%.
- In 2016, the total farm cash receipts earned by Canada's hatching egg producers increased to $303.6 million, up 4.6% from 2015 The average annual price paid to hatching egg producers increased by 2.0%, from 51.77¢ per saleable chick in 2015 to 52.82¢ per saleable chick in 2016. The price increased by 0.6% over 2014.
- In 2016, Canada exported over 35.9 million hatching eggs of different species, worth 55.2 million dollars, to 18 countries. The United States was the largest market with 60% of our exports, worth $32.9 million, heading south of the border, while other primary countries included Russia, France, and Turkey.
- On the import side, in 2016, Canada imported 128 million hatching eggs for broiler, worth $45.2 million dollars. The entirety of these imports came from the United States.
- Canada also imported 3.8 million hatching eggs of other species, worth over $4.7 million dollars. These imports only came from the United States. Total imports were at 131.8 million hatching eggs, worth $49.9 million dollars.
- The allocation of hatching eggs, under the supply management system, relies on both domestic production and a predictable level of imports under a tariff rate quota (TRQ). In 2016, the TRQ import level allowed for an access amount of 155.1 million egg equivalent into the Canadian market. One broiler chick import is equivalent to 1.27 eggs.
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