Canada's Sugar and Confectionery Product Industry

The Canadian sugar and confectionery product industry, North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 3113, comprises establishments that are primarily engaged in manufacturing sugar and confectionery products.

Significance

The Canadian sugar and confectionary industry includes a variety of products such as sugars, chewing gum, cough drops, granola bars, chocolate bars, liquorice, and hard candy. The industry is integral to Canadian food and beverage manufacturing as the majority of sugar production is used as ingredients in further processing, including bread and bakery products, breakfast cereals and ice cream, to name just a few. Sugar and confectionary producers continue to innovate and develop their products; increasing the use of natural ingredients, creating unique flavours and portion-controlled product offerings.

Structure

In 2012, 345 establishments were operating in Canada with the majority in Ontario (135), Quebec (119), and British Columbia (61). The industry generated revenues of $4.2 billion and employed over 9,800 people. The industry is a net importer, importing $2.6 billion in 2014 while exporting $2.2 billion. The United States accounts for 95% of exports and the majority of imports come from the United States (45%), followed by Brazil and Mexico.

Canadian sugar and confectionery imports, exports and sales of goods manufactured (2012)
Description of this image follows.
Description of the above image

The following figures are in millions of Canadian dollars.

Canadian sugar and confectionery imports, exports and sales of goods manufactured (2012)
Imports 2,263.10
Exports 1,820.80
Domestic shipments 2,409.60
Canadian market (imports and domestic shipments) 4,672.80
Sales of goods manufactured (exports and domestic shipments) 4,230.40

Source: Statistics Canada

Performance

Between 2004 and 2012, sales of goods manufactured by the Canadian sugar and confectionery industry increased 7.9% from a value of $3.9 billion to a value of $4.2 billion. Exports of sugar and confectionery products grew at an average annual rate of 0.8% over the same period while imports experienced a growth rate of 5.2%. Imports as a percentage of the domestic market steadily increased from 40.5% in 2004 to 48.4% in 2012. Between 2004 and 2012, direct employment declined from 14,627 to 9,827 employees.

Canadian sugar and confectionery sales of goods manufactured and employment (2004-2012)
Description of this image follows.
Description of the above image
Canadian sugar and confectionery sales of goods manufactured and employment (2004-2012)
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Sales of goods manufactured (in millions of Canadian dollars) 3,920.87 3,883.32 3,906.22 3,746.89 3,618.98 4,177.90 4,195.43 4,220.30 4,230.44
Employment (number of people) 14,627 12,914 12,101 10,601 9,244 10,039 10,065 10,113 9,827

Source: Statistics Canada

Note: The manufacturing statistics cited in this profile are taken from Statistics Canada’s Annual Survey of Manufactures and Logging, which lags behind the current date by at least 2 years.

Sugar & confectionery manufacturing, 2004-2013

Table showing principal statistics in the canadian sugar and confectionery industry for 2004-2012
Principal statistics [a] 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2012/11 AAG [b]
2007-12
Employment total (number of employees) 14,627 12,914 12,101 10,601 9,244 10,039 10,065 10,113 9,827 −2.8%
Employment – production (number of employees) 11,677 10,028 9,382 8,293 7,198 7,737 7,722 7,780 7,518 −3.4%
Employment - administration (number of employees) 2,950 2,886 2,719 2,308 2,046 2,302 2,343 2,333 2,309 −1.0% 0.0%
Total revenue (millions $) 4,105 3,979 4,028 3,945 3,823 4,417 4,435 4,598 4,597 0.0% 3.1%
Revenue from goods manufactured (millions $) 3,921 3,883 3,906 3,747 3,619 4,178 4,195 4,220 4,230 0.2% 2.5%
Value-added, goods manufactured (millions $) 1,772 1,744 1,588 1,431 1,367 1,534 1,487 1,562 1,572 0.6% 1.9%
Value-added/worker, goods manufactured (millions $) 0.15 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.19 0.20 0.19 0.20 0.21 4.1% 3.9%
Value-added as % of revenue from goods manufactured 45.2% 44.9% 40.7% 38.2% 37.8% 36.7% 35.4% 37.0% 37.2%
Domestic market (millions $) 3,723 3,759 4,001 3,917 3,958 4,745 4,632 4,903 4,673 −4.7% 3.6%
Domestic penetration 59.5% 59.5% 58.3% 58.6% 52.8% 58.5% 54.5% 50.7% 51.6%

Note:

  • [a] Statistics Canada, Annual survey of manufactures and logging (ASML) (note there is at least a 2 year lag in ASML figures)
  • [b] Average annual growth rate
Table showing global trade statistics in the canadian sugar and confectionery industry for 2004-2013
Global trade statistics [a] 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2013/12 AAG [b]
2008-13
Exports (millions $) 1,706.9 1,645.3 1,574.8 1,449.9 1,531.1 1,404.2 1,672.4 1,734.6 1,820.8 1,948.2 7.0% 4.9%
Exports as % of revenue from goods manufactured 43.5% 42.4% 40.3% 38.7% 42.3% 33.6% 39.9% 41.1% 43.0%
Imports (millions $) 1,509.3 1,521.2 1,669.4 1,619.8 1,869.8 1,970.8 2,109.4 2,417.2 2,263.1 2,277.0 0.6% 4.0%
Imports as % of domestic market 40.5% 40.5% 41.7% 41.4% 47.2% 41.5% 45.5% 49.3% 48.4%
Balance of trade (millions $) 197.6 124.1 −94.6 −169.9 −338.7 −566.6 −437.0 −682.6 −442.3 −328.8 −25.7%

Note:

  • [a] Industry Canada trade data online (Statistics Canada data)
  • [b] Average annual growth rate
Table showing trade statistics with the United States in the canadian sugar and confectionery industry for 2004-2013
Trade statistics with the United States [a] 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2013/12 AAG [b]
2008-13
Exports (millions $) 1,652.4 1,575.8 1,490.0 1,343.2 1,439.0 1,319.5 1,555.9 1,595.8 1,682.0 1,804.8 7.3% 4.6%
Imports (millions $) 722.3 693.4 703.4 720.0 809.4 840.6 840.2 898.7 940.1 1,012.9 7.7% 4.6%
Balance of trade (millions $) 930.1 882.4 786.6 623.2 629.7 478.9 715.6 697.1 741.9 792.0 6.8% 4.7%

Note:

  • [a] Industry Canada trade data online (Statistics Canada data)
  • [b] Average annual growth rate

Contact us

For more information about Canada's food industry, read Significance of the Food and Beverage Processing Industry in Canada or contact the Sector Development and Analysis Directorate at sdad-ddas@agr.gc.ca.

Date modified: